- The fiscal year (FY) 2022-23 MFM replacement list identified 144 vehicles eligible for ZEV replacement in the next fiscal year and 504 vehicles eligible for hybrid replacement in the next fiscal year.
- MFM has proactively ordered the largest ZEV order in fleet history for 75 Chevy Bolts. This order has not yet been delivered.
- Motor Fleet retooled the state vehicle procurement contract to secure more cost-effective ZEV and hybrid options. As a result of the new contract, the state fleet will standardize around hybrid sedans where ZEV sedans are not feasible.
- Hybrid vehicles make up over 67% of MFM total vehicle purchases in FY 2022-23 as of October 2022.
- As of spring 2022, new funding has been approved for DOA to deploy chargers in Deck 75. Funds will provide infrastructure for 73 EV charging stations in Parking Deck 75 and assist with upgrading electrical infrastructure.
- Mustang Mach-E
- F-150 Lightning
- E-Transit 350 Cargo Van (approx. 126-mile range)
- Bolt (approx. 250-mile range)
- Leaf S* (approx. 149-mile range)
- Leaf Plus* (approx. 226-mile range)
- Kia Niro EV* (approx. 239-mile range)
* - currently unavailable
- Ford Escape Hybrid
- Ford Maverick
- Ford F-150 Hybrid
- Ford Police Interceptor Utility HEV
- Hyundai IONIQ 5
- Hyundai Palisade*
- Hyundai Tuscon Plug-In Hybrid*
- Hyundai Santa Fe Plug-In Hybrid*
- Toyota Camry Hybrid*
- Toyota Corolla Hybrid*
- Kia Niro Hybrid*
* - currently unavailable
All-electric vehicles (ZEVs) run on electricity only. They are propelled by one or more electric motors powered by rechargeable battery packs. EVs have several advantages over conventional vehicles:
- Energy efficient: EVs convert over 77% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels. Conventional gasoline vehicles only convert about 12%–30% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.
- Environmentally friendly: EVs emit no tailpipe pollutants, although the power plant producing the electricity may emit them. Electricity from nuclear, hydro, solar, or wind-powered plants causes no air pollutants.
- Performance benefits: Electric motors provide quiet, smooth operation and stronger acceleration and require less maintenance than internal combustion engines (ICEs).
- Reduced energy dependence: Electricity is a domestic energy source.
(Source: fueleconomy.gov, a resource provided by the U.S. Department of Energy)
- Driving range: EVs have a shorter driving range than most conventional vehicles — although EV driving ranges are improving. Most EVs can travel more than 100 miles on a charge, and some can travel in excess of 200 or 300 miles depending on the model.
- Recharge time: Fully recharging the battery pack can take 3 to 12 hours. Even a "fast charge" to 80% capacity can take 30 minutes.
- Batteries for EVs are designed for extended life, and a study by Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory suggest these batteries may last 12 to 15 years in moderate climates and eight to 12 years in severe climates. However, these batteries are expensive, and replacing them may be costly if they fail.